If you’re having problems with your urinary tract, your urologist may suggest doing a urologic endoscopy to help diagnose the problem.
Endoscope is a diagnostic device that has a lenses like microscope or the device itself is optical fibers take the image from it’s top and view it at the bottom, to visualize the inside of certain body part, when a specific endoscope used in diagnosis of urinary bladder and urethra, the process called cytoscopy. Inserting the endoscope in the urethra and bladder can image the lining tissues and detect any pathological condition.
Indication for the recommendation for doing cystoscopy;
- Recurrent urinary tract infections
- Hematuria, blood in your urine
- unusual cells found in the urine sample
- Pain with urination, interstitial cystitis, or chronic pelvic disease.
- Obstruction of the urinary tract due to prostate enlargement, stricture, or narrowing of the urinary tract.
Using a special endoscope to visualize the ureter and detect the location and size of a lodged stone or remove it is called ureteroscopy. The ureteroscope has a special design to go up to the ureter, it is very thin, and a long tube may be flexible or firm. Its special design enables it to remove the stone through a basket located at an extra part at the top of the scope or by crushing the stone with a laser beam. A stent may be left in the ureter to keep it patent for drainage after the procedure. The procedure needs partial or general anesthesia.
Laparoscopic and Minimal Invasive Urology Surgery
It’s called minimal invasive surgery or keyhole surgery, as it just need small surgical incision. It’s used in abdomen or pelvic surgeries as the surgeon uses the laparoscopy, a thin tube with camera and light source to take image for the inside of the abdomen or the pelvis and relay them on a TV.
Advantages over traditional surgery
- Rapid recovery
- Short hospital stay
- No bleeding
- No scarring
- Less pain